There are different components of film making. The first stage is the pre-production and it includes creating the proper planning, hiring crew and cast, choosing locations, dealing with legal paperwork, booking equipments, accounting for various costs, creating sensible budget and others. There are also different components of film-making production, such as the primary shooting session for required forages, re-shooting scenes when necessary and sound production. The post-production stage includes logging and screening of footage, recording sound effects and voice, recording music, illustrating graphics, creating animations, adding effects and transitions, editing various soundtracks and visuals, correcting colors, creating masters and sub masters, creating time-coded copies.
Film-making process also requires a wide range of documents. The proposal for the filmmaking project should contain the title, scenario (including outline and treatment), budget and various technical considerations. This document is essential if you want to inform the production companies and potential investors about the financial viability of your film-making project. Another type of document is the script an it should contain written instructions for screen action, detailed story development, visual information and dialogue. Along with the script, there should also be a synchronized document that provides information about lighting, camera angles and other technical details related to each scene. This will ensure that the film making process can be made with more details and higher accuracy.
You also need a storyboard for the film production process. It should contain a diagram that properly augments your film making process. The storyboard should contain highly detailed technical shooting information, such as the shot distance. As an example, the scene may require ELS or extreme long shot, if we need to show a significant area on the screen and we want to provide viewers with the overview of the situation. The scene may also require LS or long shot. It is a good idea if we want to fill the primary subject properly in the frame directly from top to bottom. MS or medium shot is defined with ½ to 2/3 of the subject is visible on the frame. You should make sure that the subject will be able to be shown in a comfortable manner and there’s no missing information.
The next thing is close up and it is when we frame 1/3 to ¼ of the subject. This is a standard head and shoulder short, which provide a closer look at the subject. ECU or the extreme close up is appropriate if we want to show the actual head shot of the actor. Main facial parts of the subject of the actor, such as mount, nose and eyes should be shown clearly. Facial expression is also an important part of information shown in the film. So, both CU and ECU are essential in specific situations. We also need to combine shot distance and sequences of the scenes. A good sequence will allow viewers to easily understand the film. The scenes should also be made visually stimulating with the right kind of sequences. A good sequence should also make ut easier for us to perform the right kind of editing work